Vaccinations for Your Dog: The Upshot
What shots do puppies need and when? 6 to 8 weeks of age: 5-Way Vaccine (9-Way Vaccine if Leptospirosis is a concern). May 30, · Regardless of the laws in your state, the rabies vaccination is considered a necessary, core requirement under AAHA guidelines. Most vets recommend an Author: Jan Reisen.
This page may contain affiliate links, for which we earn a commission for qualifying purchases. This is at no cost to you, but it helps fund the free education that we have on our website. Read more here. So we've put together this overview of the "shots" vaccinations that puppies should have during their first several months of life, as well as the why and when.
Take a peek and discuss with your veterinarian to ensure that your new pup is as protected as they can be from the conditions that can sicken or cause them or even you harm.
Some of the factors that influence which vaccines a pup should receive, as well as when and how often, include:. Note that the vaccines listed below are marked as either "core" or "non-core.
Check with the people or organization you're getting your puppy from to confirm which vaccines your pup received, and when. This information is important for your vet to have to know best how to structure your pup's initial vaccination series, as all of these puppy vaccines need to be given in a series of "initial" shots followed by "booster" shots.
Socialization of puppies is critically important for their emotional and behavioral development, and it isn't just about them being "social" with other dogs, or even people.
There are many "non-social" things that young puppies need to be properly exposed to early on, as well. Check out this article to see how and when to start this super important process with your pup including a super helpful and interactive checklistas well as why we propose changing the name "socialization" to "Proactive Exposure Training. Either way, it's an important visit. Their booster shots at this visit are important to build their immunity and to help protect them from these diseases. For some dogs and for some conditions, titers blood tests measuring the level of antibodies in your dog's system may help to determine vaccination intervals and may be preferable.
This is a discussion to have with your vet. Every puppy is different. Similarly, some puppies are born with deficiencies in their immune system, or their immune system may develop more slowly because of dietary or other factors.
This gives their maternal immunity which is protective but can interfere with a puppy's vaccinations time to wane while their own immune system is fully developing in response to and conjunction with their "shots.
The core vs. Your veterinarian is your best resource for helping to determine which vaccines your new pup would benefit from, and when. Note that some of the vaccinatable conditions of dogs listed below can be zoonotic, meaning that they can also infect and cause disease in people.
Cause: Bacteria. This bacteria is transmitted through the air or direct contact, especially when an infected dog coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread by contaminated clothing, bowls, beds, and other communal surfaces.
Typically not recommended The disease is usually mild and resolves on its own, though some outbreaks have been more severe. Cause: Virus. Core Cause: Virus. This virus is transmitted through the air or direct contact, especially when an infected dog coughs or how to open a checking account online. Non-Core May be recommended for dogs who go to kennels, grooming, day care, puppy classes, and other places where dogs often frequent and also for dogs in the face of a local outbreak.
Even indoor-only dogs and those that never leave their yard are at risk. These bacteria can be contracted by drinking contaminated water or coming in contact with mud how to make a seashell door wreath with rodent urine. Non-Core Cause: Bacteria These bacteria can be transmitted through the bite of an infected tick. Lameness limping that can affect multiple legs at once or in succession.
In cases where the kidneys are affected, signs may also include sudden loss of appetite and energy, onset of vomiting, increased thirst and urinations progressing to decreased thirst and urinationsand weight loss. Non-Core Usually recommended for dogs who go to kennels, grooming, day care, puppy classes, and other places where dogs often frequent. This virus can be transmitted through the air, especially when an infected dog coughs or sneezes.
This virus can be transmitted through the bite of an infected animal raccoon, bat, other dog, etc. The rabies shot is usually mandated by law and is typically fatal once signs are seen. Signs: Cough, can progress to pneumonia Nasal or eye discharge Breathing difficulties. Coronavirus Typically not recommended The disease is usually mild and resolves on its own, though some outbreaks have been more severe.
Signs: Decreased energy Decreased appetite Diarrhea Vomiting. Distemper Core Cause: Virus This virus is transmitted through the air or direct contact, especially when an infected dog coughs or sneezes.
This virus can be transmitted through the feces, urine or vomit of an infected dog and typically gains access to a susceptible dog through contact with the eyes or nose. Signs: High fever Decreased appetite Decreased energy Diarrhea Vomiting Some have cough and breathing troubles May also show abnormal bleeding or bruising, and may develop bluish tinge to their eyes. Influenza Canine Influenza Virus — "Dog Flu" Non-Core May be recommended for dogs who go to kennels, grooming, day care, puppy classes, and other places where dogs often frequent and also for dogs in the face of a local outbreak.
Cause: Virus This virus is transmitted through the air or direct contact, especially when an infected dog coughs or sneezes. Signs: Cough Eye discharge Nose discharge Fever Can progress to decreased energy and appetite, worse cough and breathing difficulties pneumonia. Cause: Bacteria These bacteria can be contracted by drinking contaminated water or coming in contact with mud contaminated with rodent urine. Signs: High fever Vomiting Decreased appetite Decreased energy Increased thirst and urinations initially, but progressing to decreased thirst and urinations Zoonotic can affect people.
Parainfluenza Non-Core Usually recommended for dogs who go to kennels, grooming, day care, puppy classes, and other places where dogs often frequent. Cause: Virus This virus can be transmitted through the air, especially when an infected dog coughs or sneezes.
Core Cause: Virus This virus can be transmitted through the feces, vomit or saliva or an infected dog. What does lb mean in texting fever Decreased appetite Decreased energy Diarrhea Vomiting The vomiting and diarrhea are often very severe and frequent, and there is often blood in the diarrhea. Rabies Core Cause: Virus This virus can be transmitted through the bite of an infected animal raccoon, bat, other dog, etc.
Core vs. Noncore Dog Vaccinations
Jan 08, · The final “Distemper” combo shot in the puppy shots series should be given around this time (combo Distemper, Adenovirus (Canine Infectious Hepatitis), Parvo shot. Note that this may be given as a DA2PP, which is the same thing, but also includes protection against Parainfluenza (an important, but “non-core” vaccine). Depending on your puppy’s age, this may require vaccinations for the Distemper/Parvo series until your puppy is weeks of age. If your dog is over 16 weeks of age and isn’t up-to-date on shots, or if you’re not sure, your veterinarian may recommend a .
Dog vaccinations are essential to helping your pet live a long, happy life. Vaccines protect pets from serious illnesses or even fatal diseases that dogs are commonly susceptible to.
Ultimately, it is important to consult with your veterinarian to identify the appropriate dog vaccination schedule specific to your pet. Several noncore vaccines protect against highly contagious or potentially life-threatening diseases. To determine which lifestyle vaccines are appropriate for your pet, your vet will look at a variety of factors, including:.
Vaccinations in puppies should start when they are weeks of age and end when they are 16 weeks of age or later. In order for vaccines to provide the protection puppies need, they are given every two to four weeks until they are at least 16 weeks of age.
Adult dogs need their core vaccines DAP and rabies vaccines in addition to any noncore vaccines decided upon between you and your veterinarian. A dog vaccination schedule for an adult dog may look like this:.
If they are overdue or it is their first time getting a vaccine, your vet may recommend a booster vaccine or an annual schedule in order to assure appropriate protection for your pet.
Rabies is a virus that causes neurologic disease that is fatal for domestic pets, wildlife and people. It is most notably transmitted through a bite from an infected animal and can be transmitted to the owner through bite wounds as well. The rabies vaccine is required by law in the US, and despite the excellent vaccination system we have, there are still animals and people that come down with rabies every year.
Due to the fatality and zoonosis associated with rabies nearly percent , there are legal ramifications if your pet is not current on their rabies vaccine. Therefore, it is very important to keep your pet up to date. If an unvaccinated or overdue pet is exposed to a potentially rabid animal, or accidently bites someone, it may result in health concerns, the need to quarantine your pet or euthanasia in certain circumstances. The DAP vaccine protects against a combination of diseases that can spread quickly among dogs and have serious implications for canines, including severe illness and death.
Bordetella and canine parainfluenza virus are two agents associated with a highly contagious cough commonly known as " kennel cough ," or canine infectious respiratory disease complex CIRDC. Diseases from these agents typically resolve on their own but sometimes can lead to pneumonia or more severe respiratory disease. Because Bordetella is so contagious, boarding and doggy day care facilities across the US require your pet to have this vaccine.
It is highly contagious and causes cough, nasal discharge and low-grade fever in dogs. Outbreaks in the US draw a lot of attention, as influenza viruses can give rise to new strains of influenza that have the potential to affect other species and possibly cause death. Typically, the canine influenza vaccines are recommended for dogs that go to day care, boarding, the groomers or any place where they will be among other dogs.
Discuss with your vet if this vaccine is recommended for your pet. Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that can cause severe kidney or liver failure in both dogs and people. It is transmitted via the urine of infected animals and is found in both rural and urban settings. Dogs can be exposed by licking or coming in contact with a contaminated puddle or body of water where an infected animal has urinated.
Though traditionally, the leptospirosis vaccine was recommended to dogs in rural areas with outdoorsy lifestyles, leptospirosis has now been found to occur in suburban and urban settings, too.
Leptospirosis can be transmitted to people as well. Talk to your vet about whether they recommend this vaccine for your pet. The vaccine covers four of the most common serovars of leptospirosis, and the initial vaccine must be boostered two to four weeks later.
Lyme disease is a tick-borne disease caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria that can cause fever, lethargy, decreased appetite, shifting leg lameness and, in severe cases, kidney failure. Lyme disease is endemic in various areas around the country, and the vaccine is recommended in these areas or for those traveling to those areas. Like leptospirosis, the vaccine is initially given as two injections spaced three to four weeks apart, and then yearly after that. Apart from the necessary core vaccines, there is no one-size-fits-all protocol for vaccinating your dog.
Working together with your veterinarian is the best approach to developing the right dog vaccine schedule for your beloved pet. Home Dog Care Center. Related Posts. Why Is My Dog Sneezing? Bordetella Parainfluenza often included in DAP combo vaccine. Leptospirosis Lyme Canine influenza. Annual vaccines for dogs. Rabies initial vaccine. Leptospirosis Lyme Canine influenza Bordetella sometimes given every 6 months.
Dog vaccines given every 3 years. DAP Rabies after initial vaccine, given every 3 years. No 3-year noncore vaccines are available at this time.