Cross of Lorraine
According to some researchers, the double Xs found on the Exxon logo is a reference to the double cross, or the Cross of Lorraine as used in freemasonry, and worn by the Knight Templars during the crusade by permission of the King of Jerusalem. 27 rows · This is a list of Christian cross solarigniters.com Christian cross, with or without a figure of Christ .
This is a list of Christian cross variants. The Christian crosswith or without a figure of Christ included, is the main religious symbol of Christianity. A cross with a figure of Christ affixed to it is termed a crucifix and the figure is often referred to as the corpus Latin for "body". The term Greek cross designates a cross with arms of equal length, as in a plus sign, while the Latin cross designates a cross with an elongated descending arm. Numerous other variants have been developed during the medieval period.
Christian crosses are used widely in churches, on top of church buildings, on bibles, in heraldry, in personal jewelry, on hilltops, and elsewhere as an attestation or other symbol of Christianity. Crosses are a prominent feature of Christian cemeterieseither carved on gravestones or as sculpted stelae.
Because of this, planting small crosses is sometimes used in countries of Christian culture to mark the site of fatal accidents, or, such as the Zugspitze or Mount Royalso as to be visible over the entire surrounding area. Roman CatholicAnglican and Lutheran depictions of the cross are often crucifixes, what causes visible veins in breasts order to emphasize that it is Jesus that is important, rather than the cross in isolation.
Large crucifixes are a prominent feature of some Lutheran churches, e. However, some other Protestant traditions depict the cross without the corpus, interpreting this form as an indication of belief in the resurrection rather than as representing the interval between the death and the resurrection of Jesus. Several Christian cross variants are available in computer-displayed text. Basic variants, or early variants widespread since antiquity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
See also: Crosses in heraldry. Further information: Crosses in heraldry. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Bahasa Indonesia Edit links. With arms of what does the double cross symbol mean length. One of the most common Christian forms, in common use by the 4th century. Cross with a longer descending arm. Along with the Greek cross, it is the most common form.
It represents the cross of Jesus' crucifixion. Upright cross what is balsa wood used for outwardly widening ends. It is often seen in relics from the late antique and early medieval Byzantine Empire until c. Patriarchal cross three-bar cross. Also called an how to make cheesecake factory fried zucchini cross or a crux gemina.
A double cross, with the two crossbars near the top. The upper one is shorter, representing the plaque nailed to Jesus' cross. Similar to the Cross of Lorrainethough in the original version of the latter, the bottom arm is lower. The Eastern Orthodox cross adds a slanted bar near the foot. The Cross of the eight-point cross-stone ceremony.
Cross of Lorraine two-barred cross. The Cross of Lorraine consists of one vertical and two horizontal bars. The two-barred cross consists of a vertical line crossed by two shorter horizontal bars. In most renditions, the horizontal bars are "graded" with the upper bar being the shorter, though variations with the bars of equal length are also what does the double cross symbol mean. A cross with three bars near the top.
The bars are of unequal length, each one shorter than the one below. Also known as a pontifical cross because it is carried before the Pope, [ citation needed ] [ year needed ] is similar to a patriarchal cross, but with an additional crossbar below the main crossbar, equal in length to the upper crossbar.
The earlier visual image of the cross, already present in New Testament manuscripts as P66P45 and P A cross resting on a base with several steps usually threealso called a graded or a Calvary cross.
This symbol first appears on coinage from the time of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius r. The three steps represent Faith, Hope and Charityand are sometimes marked Fides topSpes middle and Caritas bottomthe Latin forms what airport is near irvine ca these words.
Also known as the Crusader's Cross. A large cross with a smaller cross in each of its angles. It was used as a symbol of the kingdom of Jerusalem.
A cross featuring a ring or nimbus. This type has several variants, including the cruciform halo and the Celtic cross. A cross in the form of the letter Y that gained popularity in the late 13th or early 14th century in the German Rhineland. Also known as a crucifixus dolorosus, furca, ypsilon cross, Y-cross, robber's cross or thief's cross. A cross with the crossbeam placed near the foot, that is associated with Saint Peter because of the tradition that he was crucified head down. A T-shaped cross.
Also called the Saint Anthony 's cross, the Saint Francis ' cross and crux commissa. Saltire or crux decussata Saint Andrew's cross. An X-shaped cross associated with St. Andrew, patron of Scotlandand so a national symbol of that country. The shape is that of the cross on which Saint Andrew is said to have been martyred. Also known as St. Andrew's Cross or Andrew Cross. Bride's cross, also known as Brigid 's cross or Brighid's what is your meaning of your name, these are usually woven of rushes, wheat stalks or similar.
They can be Christian or Pagan symbols, depending on context. Saint George's Cross. Sometimes associated with Saint George, the military saint, often depicted as a crusader from the Late Middle Ages, the cross has appeared on many flags, emblems, standards, and coats of arms.
Its first documented use was as the ensign of the Republic of Genoawhereafter it was used successively by the crusaders. A notable uses are on the Flag of England and the Georgian flag. Mariner's cross St. Clement's cross. The mariner's cross is also referred to as Saint Clement 's Cross in reference to the way he was martyred. Cuthbert was originally a Celtic Christian.
That connection, plus the similarity in shape, gives this cross the alternative name; Thor 's Cross [ citation needed ]. Cross of Saint Gilbert Portate cross. A cross is usually shown erect, as it would be when used for crucifixion.
The Portate Cross differs in that it is borne diagonally, as it would be when the victim bears the cross-bar over his shoulder as he drags it along the ground to the crucifixion site.
A red Cross of Saint James with flourished arms, surmounted with an escallop, was the emblem of the twelfth-century Spanish military Order of Santiago, named after Saint James the Greater. A Cross Crosslet tilted at 45 degrees with the tops pointing to the 'four corners of the world'.
The image of Christianity being spread all around the world is one reason why what are my chances of getting into upenn cross is sometimes referred to as the Missionary Cross.
Grapevine cross Saint Nino's cross. Saint Thomas Cross. The cross of Saint Florian, patron saint of firefighters, is often confused with the Maltese Cross for example, the New York City Fire Department so calls it ; although it may have eight or more points, it also has large curved arcs between the points.
Sep 04, · The double cross stands on the center of one of the most intriguing and enigmatic symbols humans know – the sign for infinity which looks like the figure ‘8’ lying on its side. Jan 13, · The Double Cross has eight equal legs, and it symbolizes regeneration or revival. It is formed by combining the Greek cross with the Greek letter chi (X), the first letter of "Christ" in Greek. It is formed by combining the Greek cross with the Greek letter chi (X), the first letter of "Christ" in Greek.
The Cross of Lorraine French: Croix de Lorraine , known as Cross of Anjou in the 16th century, is a heraldic two-barred cross , consisting of a vertical line crossed by two shorter horizontal bars.
In most renditions, the horizontal bars are "graded" with the upper bar being the shorter, though variations with the bars of equal length are also seen.
The Lorraine name has come to signify several cross variations, including the patriarchal cross with its bars near the top. The Cross of Lorraine consists of one vertical and two horizontal bars.
The wider lower arm is the crosspiece of the cross itself. The Cross of Lorraine is an emblem of Lorraine in eastern France. Between and and again between and , the north-eastern quarter of Lorraine the Moselle department was annexed to Germany, along with Alsace. During that period the Cross served as a rallying point for French ambitions to recover its lost provinces.
This historical significance lent it considerable weight as a symbol of French patriotism. The Cross was displayed on the flags of Free French warships, and the fuselages of Free French aircraft.
The medal of the Order of Liberation bears the Cross of Lorraine. The Cross of Lorraine was later adopted by Gaullist political groups such as the Rally for the Republic. The symbol was said to have helped the missionaries to convert the native peoples they encountered, because the two-armed cross resembled existing local imagery.
Also the 'dual cross' is the consonant 'gy' in ancient Hungarian runic writing which reads "egy" one when it stands alone mostly, if not always, with "God" meaning. A golden double cross with equal bars, known as the Cross of Jagiellons, was used by Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland Jogaila since his conversion to Christianity in , as a personal insignia and was introduced in the coat of arms of Lithuania.
Initially, the lower bar of the cross was longer than the upper, since it originates from the Hungarian type of the double cross. It later became the symbol of Jagiellonian dynasty and is one of the national symbols of Lithuania , featured in the Order of the Cross of Vytis and the badge of the Lithuanian Air Force. The double-barred cross is one of the national symbols in Belarus , both as the Jagiellon Cross and as the Cross of St.
Euphrosyne of Polatsk , an important religious artifact. The symbol is supposed to have Byzantine roots and is used by the Belarusian Greek Catholic Church as a symbol uniting Eastern-Byzantine and Western-Latin church traditions.
The Belarusian Cross can be found on the traditional coat of arms of Belarus, the Pahonia. Silver double cross, on a mountain with three peaks, forms the coat of arms of the Slovak Republic. It is considered national symbol of Slovaks, and its history in present territory can be traced back to Great Moravia in 9th century.
Hungarian arms, depicting the cross on the sinister side. The Cross of Saint Euphrosyne. Order of the Cross of Vytis , a Lithuanian presidential award. The cross of Lorraine was previously used in the Sabre , Apollo , and Worldspan global distribution systems GDS as a delimiter in various input formats, however, the latest version of the graphical user interface for each system uses a different symbol: Apollo displays it as a plus sign , Worldspan as a number sign , and Sabre as a yen symbol.
The National Biscuit Company , also called "Nabisco," has a logo topped by a Lorraine cross, whose design Adolphus Green, its founder, drew from a symbol originating in the Middle Ages.
The Lorraine cross in the logo represents purity in that context.. The cross is used as an emblem by the American Lung Association and related organizations through the world, and as such is familiar from their Christmas seals program. Its use was suggested in by Paris physician Gilbert Sersiron as a symbol for the "crusade" against tuberculosis. The cross was used in the TV show Magnum, P.
The Scottish indie rock band Frightened Rabbit have used it as a symbol, notably on some merchandise  and their album The Winter of Mixed Drinks , before switching to a three-barred papal cross for their EP State Hospital and their consecutive album Pedestrian Verse.
It is a standard pattern for horse racing colours in the UK. American rock musician Marilyn Manson released several "cryptic" videos that featured the Cross of Lorraine. The videos were posted to Manson's Instagram account in a series of five posts beginning on February 11, Monument to De Gaulle in Rocha, Uruguay.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Christian religious and French patriotic symbol. This article is about the symbol. For the film, see The Cross of Lorraine. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Cross of Lorraine or Patriarchal cross.
Administrative divisions. Lorraine in the EU. European Parliament elections Constituency. Related topics. Coat of arms of Slovakia. Coat of arms of Belarus , — The coat of arms of Lithuania. Archived from the original on Retrieved TB Alert. Archived from the original on March 2, Alberta Lung Association.
Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 27 Oct Vice News. Retrieved 20 July Carroll, Stuart Oxford University Press. ISBN Tauris Publishers. McIntosh, Christopher Monter, William A Bewitched Duchy: Lorraine and its Dukes, Librairie Droz. Christian cross variants. Christianity portal Arts portal. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: archived copy as title Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles that may contain original research from April All articles that may contain original research Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images Articles containing French-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.
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