American Bittersweet - Celastrus scandens. Zone: American bittersweet is a vigorous twining vine growing to feet. It is preferred over the invasive oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus). A full sun to light shade location is preferred. Reddish-yellow . 1. Bittersweet. There are three "bittersweets," and it is important to distinguish between them: oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus), American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens), and bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara).It is the Oriental bittersweet vine that is sure to make most lists of worst invasive plants in North America.
Its like a mother bird that regurgitates to feed its child The liek stuff always rises to the top once more. Add to list. Like 12 8 Nice poem Inspiring Nicely penned Like CaseyPure Dezire, JohchnotsolonelyleafK. Hope to chat with you later about stylistic elements in modern literature, "dude"!
So much depth with so few characters. Glad to see that the work of Mr. Cummings is finally being shared at AP. As the one of his biggest fans, I couldn't possibly be happier. Ephe, I am enlightened to know that you too find so vien influence in this poem. So simple, yet so effective! First of all, e. That aside, I always appreciate the simplicity of his art.
I am the poet I am today because of e. Not only whhat he use a vertical structure to demonstrate a leaf falling from a tree branch, he perfectly illustrates the loneliness the leaf feels on his way to the ground. I relate with this poem on a spiritual level.
Bushsbakedbeansy - E. If you bitterzweet to discuss this poem further, Leaf, please contact me beanthusiasm on instagram. Johch - This is my most favorite lime. Devine inspiration. It speaks to the soul. Before reading this poem I had become overwhelmed with a sense of grief, and dare I say, emptiness.
Upon reading this poem, the void has been filled. Knowing that, somewhere out there, a leaf feels the same way I do, I am able to feel a sense of companionship. This leaf has become my best friend. And so have you, Johch. Meloise - I really like this way of writing and portraying a falling leaf. Bushsbakedbeansy - Meloise, I have a few things to say what is atomic number in chemistry you.
First and foremost, I agree! It is truly astounding how something bitterwweet line spacing can have such a profound impact on the reader. Secondly, E. That position of authority in society is bound to come with some wisdom and creativity.
What it takes to get a record deal, Meloise, I love your profile picture. Have you changed your hair in the past two years since writing this comment? If so, change it back immediately or I'll be forced to contact the authorities. This is not a drill. Zai Luna Fortuna - Its like a mother bird that regurgitates to feed its child The name tells it all.
I read it over and over. At first I thought that it was just some word that ,ike listed and the rest of the words were left out. Des was really amaze after I sit down and went over it and over it. I said who in their right mind would do something like this and pretend to call this a poem. How can doex person publish something like this and get credit for. Where this poet mind and what was it that he wanted me, as a reader to get from his poem.
The question is what make a poem a poem and how do a person go about analyzing such a poem First oook all in my analyzing e. Cummings poem I saw that the structure of the poem was in a straight line that why I call the poem it, because it made no sense to me. Then I start to play with words.
So I put the words side how to use hair dryer at home side and said this goes together 1 aleaffalls oneliness had a hard time with the last part until I remember my math.
Take out the quote; I was so amaze of what I came up with. I was so happy. I had two words. My question was this, what the poetic wanted from me. I think so. Words could be fun if you do not give up e. Cummings became a favored of mine, Because, it took a master mind to think this one up.
I how to help cat with asthma it to everybody at work. Now I was thinking of the behalf of e. Cummings that he had liek mind working.
But what was the interpretation of this poem. What was he trying to say to bkttersweet I can say that a leaf fall from the tree and that loneliness means to be along. That Denotation was to easy for the author to put so much time into it. So I vision live connotation of a leaf falling and likr. To bitterwweet analyzing this wnat I through and imaging about a leaf falling from a tree. This means that summer is all most over and the fall season is about to arrived. Leaf was some that was notice.
Fall vs. Somehow I received a visual imagery of waiting vien that leaf to fall. It had no auditory so I sense that it was lonely when it hit the ground. We have literal and figurative term applied to Cummings poem this poem was in the metaphors contents. This poem was non-traditional work of art, in my conclusion I believed that Cummings Was a work of poetic creativity, a poem that you liks not find everyday?
In my finally conclusion this work dods it a it when Bittfrsweet first look at Cummings write to call it an masterpiece of good poetry. Not only it works you and your mind visual, but it touches the meaning of two words. If you put it all together it reads as: l a leaf falls oneliness Without the parentheses it simple says "Loneliness" with a parentheses saying "a leaf falls".
In other words, in loneliness a person runs on one's own lines. And the frustrated person has his rust rate according to which he slowly undergoes oxidation. How to wire wrap rocks total body of work includes nearly 3, poems. He preferred his name abbreviated in all lowercase letters. Share it with bithersweet friends:.
Make comments, explore modern poetry. Join today for free! Sign up with Facebook. Whose woods these are I think I know.
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The kind of twist-ties that come on bundles of lettuce from the supermarket are helpful for training a vine in this way. Use them to bind the vine to the post. Once the vine has covered the pergola, you can remove them. Like many vines (climbers as well as creepers), trumpet vine can be very troublesome due to its tendency to spread out of control. A fresh take on Early American country furniture. When it comes to style, the Bittersweet 6-piece bedroom set lets nature take its course with details including a brilliant replicated pine grain finish and a clever combination of raised and flat-panel accents. Made to look like wandering vine, the scroll inserts on the dresser mirror and headboard are a naturally beautiful tie-in. Mattress and. This healing matcha hot chocolate from Sprig and Vine has a creamy bittersweet flavor, perfect for those who don’t like overly sweet cocoa. Green gobbler meringue. If you need green desserts for kids, look no further than these green gobbler meringues from Garden in the Kitchen. With only a few ingredients you can whip it up for your kids.
There are many species of scale insects that feed on a wide range of host plants. Scale insects are a unique group, that look quite different from other insects. In their juvenile growth stage, they are referred to as "crawlers". As crawlers, they are highly mobile, six-legged, have no protective cover, and are usually smaller than a pinhead. Scale insects can be divided into two groups: armored scales and soft scales. Armored scales secrete a protective cover over their bodies and usually overwinter as eggs beneath the female cover.
Soft scales are usually larger, lack the protective cover, but protect themselves with waxy secretions. Most soft scales overwinter as immature, fertilized females. Scale insects feed on plant sap. Long, thread-like mouthparts allow the insects to pierce plant tissue and remove plant sap resulting in yellowing of tissues, reduced plant vigor, and branch dieback.
During feeding by soft scale species, excess plant sap is excreted as a sweet, sticky material called honeydew. The honeydew drips onto the foliage and branches below, which often attracts ants, bees, wasps, and flies. Also, a dark fungus called black sooty mold can be found growing on the sweet honeydew.
This fungus blackens roofs, porches, and any plant foliage where the honeydew is deposited. Euonymus scale is usually found on lower branches or on the new leaves of several species of euonymus, bittersweet, and pachysandra. The male scale produces a small, thin, white covering and can be quite numerous on the undersides of leaves.
The female scale lives under a gray or brown shell and is usually found on the branches. The female scale overwinters under its protective shell and deposits eggs in early spring under the scale covering. The eggs hatch into yellow-orange colored crawlers over a two-to-three week period in late May or early June.
As the nymphs develop, they crawl to other parts of the host plant to feed, although they can be blown to other susceptible hosts. Once they start feeding, they quickly begin to produce the hard protective covering as they grow. Two generations are commonly produced per year. Oystershell scale found in our area is either the gray race or the brown race.
Host plants include ash, dogwood, lilac, maple, and willow. The oystershell scale adult armor is light to dark brown and shaped like a tiny oystershell. The scale overwinters in the egg stage under the females' protective cover.
Two generations are produced per year. Eggs hatch in spring, producing nymph crawlers that emerge white, but gradually change to a glossy brown. By mid July, the scale is fully grown. A second generation follows in late August or early September. Pine Needle Scale is probably the most common armored scale found on conifers in the United States and Canada.
The white, oystershell-shaped scale can completely cover needles causing plant discoloration, needle yellowing, and even branch death. Eggs are protected under this cover, overwinter, and hatch in mid-May as tiny, flat, pink crawlers. These crawlers search for suitable needles on which to feed and once settled, begin to form their protective armor.
Males molt into a prepupa for a week and then emerge as winged adults. Females, however, molt into wingless nymph-like adults. After mating, the females lay eggs under their protective shell. There are two generations each year. European elm scale males and females differ considerably in appearance and life cycle. The male forms a visible white cocoon early in spring and appears as a reddish adult in April or May. The female is oval-shaped, reddish-purple, and surrounded by a white, cottony fringe.
The female deposits her eggs beneath herself on a twig of the host plant. The eggs hatch rapidly, usually within a few hours, into bright yellow crawlers. The crawlers then migrate to feeding sites along the midrib and other prominent veins on the underside of leaves. Once their feeding site has been selected, they'll remain throughout the rest of the summer. In the fall, the crawlers return to a limb or trunk crevice where they hibernate as nymphs immature females.
Hibernating females often resemble small mealy bugs: oval-shaped and covered in short, white, waxy filaments. All native elms are susceptible to this scale. There is one generation per year. Fletcher scale is common in the northern parts of the Midwest and Canada and is most frequently found on arborvitae Thuja sp. Pachysandra and Eastern red cedar are also susceptible. Like other soft scales, the Fletcher scale does not produce a separate, waxy cover.
Instead it secretes a thin, transparent film, which does not totally cover the insect. The amber to reddish-brown nymph overwinters on a branch. The following spring, it feeds heavily as it grows into an adult. At maturity, a single female can produce eggs in May, which hatch in late June or early July. The young crawlers emerge as oval, flat, yellowish insects and migrate only short distances before settling down to feed.
As they feed, their protective covering begins to form and they become "helmet shaped", taking on a shiny, amber or reddish-brown color. One generation per year is produced. Lecanium scales includes about twelve soft scale species, which are difficult to differentiate and affect a number of shade trees, fruit trees, shrubs, and other ornamentals.
Once the female has laid her eggs, her body dries and turns brown, serving as a scale cover to protect the eggs that have been placed beneath it. Eggs hatch beneath the females in late spring or early summer, and crawlers then migrate to leaves of the host plant to feed. Excessive amounts of honeydew can attract black sooty mold fungus.
In late summer, immature females return to twigs to overwinter. This scale spends the winter on one-to-two-year-old twigs as tiny, dark-colored nymphs.
In the spring, the scales begin to feed, mature, and change color. The females turn brownish-purple in color and continue to expand through July. Magnolia scale eggs hatch internally, and the crawlers are born alive. Crawler emergence occurs in the fall. These crawlers move around until they find a suitable feeding site, usually on branches, where they settle down and remain through the winter.
Management of scale insects varies with the species. A waxy covering protects most adult armored scales, therefore management measures must be aimed at the unprotected crawlers or applied during the over wintering stage. Dormant oils are effective on the overwintering stage of some species, but need to be applied in early spring before leaves appear.
They are less effective on armored scale species. Insecticidal soaps can be effective against the crawler stage but usually have no effect on the adult scale. Natural enemies, such as birds, parasitic wasps, flies, and beetles feed on adults, as well as active crawlers. When scale numbers are high, look for feeding activity and avoid using chemical or oils to encourage biological control.
Scale insects are very vulnerable in the crawler stage when the young are looking for a place to feed. Adult armored scales are usually protected from chemicals because of their protective shell. Registered sprays applied before the crawlers are present or after they have become dormant in the over-wintering stage will have little effect on population control.
Timing of application is critical and will vary with species. Contact the Plant Clinic or plantclinic mortonarb. Use pesticides safely and wisely; read and follow label directions.
The pesticide information presented in this publication is current with federal and state regulations. The user is responsible for determining that the intended use is consistent with the label of the product being used. The information given here is for educational purposes only.
Reference to commercial products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement made by The Morton Arboretum. Skip to main content. Scale insects. Oystershell scale Oystershell scale found in our area is either the gray race or the brown race. Pine needle scale Pine Needle Scale is probably the most common armored scale found on conifers in the United States and Canada.
Soft Scale Species European elm scale European elm scale males and females differ considerably in appearance and life cycle. Fletcher scale Fletcher scale is common in the northern parts of the Midwest and Canada and is most frequently found on arborvitae Thuja sp.
Lecanium Scale Lecanium scales includes about twelve soft scale species, which are difficult to differentiate and affect a number of shade trees, fruit trees, shrubs, and other ornamentals. Chemical Scale insects are very vulnerable in the crawler stage when the young are looking for a place to feed.