Economics of Deforestation
May 04, · The economic drivers of deforestation Forests cover around 30% of the Earth’s land area but the figure is on the decline. Between and , global forest cover shrank by almost , km 2 1 – an area bigger than the size of Spain. Economic interests played a key role in increasing tree loss during this period. Deforestation costs between $2 trillion and $ trillion each year through the loss of biodiversity. 11 ? For example, half of all pharmaceuticals comes from genetic resources. 12 ? Deforestation has eliminated habitat for millions of species. In fact, 80% of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests. 13 ?.
Environmental protection and economic growth do not always go hand in hand. When it comes to forests, immediate economic gains are often the priority. However, the negative economic effect of deforestation is also great and often ignored, especially in the long run. Between andglobal forest cover shrank by almostkm 2 1 — an area bigger than the size of Spain. Economic interests played a key role in increasing tree loss during this period.
While in these cases regrowth is possible, the negative impact on the economy and the environment is still significant. For developing economies, however, the choice between forest preservation and the potential beneficial economic effect of deforestation appears to be rather simple.
Research suggests that econommic countries have the highest rates of deforestation, especially in the tropical regions in South America, Africa and Southeast Asia. In these regions, rainforests decorestation the low hanging fruit for economic growth. Clearing forests provides timber and biofuel, as well as enabling mining for other natural resources.
In addition, it opens up areas for agriculture, namely soy, palm oil and livestock. Clearing forests for commodity production whst a very valuable venture when the money it deforestatikn is weighed only against the associated operational costs, e. There are, however, other factors that should be taken into account. The loss of forests affects millions of the poor in rural areas. About million people in poor rural areas live in forests.
Furthermore, over a billion people rely on forests for food, medicine, or fuel. Sometimes commodity production and land conversion from forests to agriculture provide the poor with opportunities for work, yet they can also be associated with poor working conditions evironmental labour exploitation. In some cases, due to logging or short-term agricultural shifts, forests are not wiped out completely but suffer from degradation.
In these scenarios, economic gains suffer as well. For example, Ghana suffers from one of the highest deforestation rates worldwide. According to one study 9every year it loses over a hundred million dollars of revenue when comparing gains from degrading forests to preserving natural forests.
Forests are crucial for biodiversity, water supply, and the global climate. It impcts difficult to put a price tag on the loss of flora and fauna ethically. However, estimates suggest that the loss of biodiversity and genetic resources for scientific, medical, and drug research could cost billions. Deforestation also has what should i feed my english bulldog potential to disrupt local and possibly global water cycles and increase soil erosion, with costly consequences.
Firstly, disruptions in the provision whwt clean water in the tropics are costly to local governments. Furthermore, changes in water cycles can negatively affect specific industries.
For example, more frequent and longer droughts have been associated with decreases in the variety of coffee species. Therefore, over time deforestation can render some areas unusable even for agriculture. Finally, forest cover loss is a major contributor to global warming and climate change. A simple cost-benefit analysis seems to be insufficient and too short-sighted to fully assess the economic effect of deforestation.
It lacks a consideration of ethics and global deforestatio in the long run. However, in advanced economies deforestation rates tend to decrease. Hopefully the developing world econojic follow suit. Please also see Deforestation solutions list. The big picture Forests are crucial for biodiversity, water supply, and the global climate.
Ijpacts beyond costs and benefits A simple cost-benefit analysis seems to be insufficient and too short-sighted to fully assess the economic effect of deforestation. Forest area sq. The World Bank Group. Curtis, P. Sconomic drivers deforesttation global forest loss. Science, Cuaresma, J. Economic development and forest cover: evidence from satellite data.
Scientific reports7 Bhattarai, M. Governance, economic how to connect jvc everio camcorder to tv, and the environmental Kuznets curve for natural tropical forests.
Environment and Development Qre9 3 Ewers, R. Interaction effects between economic development and forest cover determine deforestation rates. Global Environmental Change16 2 IndoMet in the Heart of Borneo, flickr. Rosner, H. Palm oil is unavoidable. Can it be sustainable?
National Geographic. Published December Accessed April 26, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Damnyag, L. Economic cost of deforestation in semi-deciduous forests—A case of two forest districts in Ghana.
Ecological Economics70 12 Deforestation and Deforestatiion Degradation. World Wildlife Fund. Chorley, How to transfer music to sandisk sansa mp3 player. Published October Davis, A. High extinction risk for wild coffee species impacta implications for coffee sector sustainability.
Science advances5 1eaav Shukla, J. Amazon deforestation and climate change. Reforestation examples around the world. Deforestation environmental issues and tree-cutting.
Aug 04, · Removing tracts of rainforest lands, a process called deforestation, can accelerate climate change, cause soil erosion, disrupt crop growth, increase the risk of flooding and even have economic consequences. Deforestation has many causes, including farming and logging. Regardless of the motive for clearing forests, the consequences of cutting down large parcels of trees has the same . Economic and social costs of deforestation: Threat to livelihoods of millions in indigenous populations Environmental impact – loss of a vital carbon store Threat to eco-systems – permanent loss of natural capital Consequences for water supplies in other countries and continents Huge threat to. Negative Impacts on the Economy. Tourism is many of the rainforest countries main source of economic income. Deforestation is drastically cutting down the numbers of tourist because no one wants to see polluted rivers, tree stumps, wasteland, and dead animals.
People cut down 15 billion trees every year. Most of it occurred during a logging boom that started in By , more than two-thirds of U. In the Midwest, oak savannas have been reduced to small areas surrounded by corn fields. In the Pacific Northwest, diverse, ancient forests have been replaced with a monoculture of young trees regularly harvested. People have also introduced blights and pests.
They've eliminated many colonial species, such as American chestnuts, eastern white pine, American elm, oaks, and ash. Deforestation has four causes. The most critical is agriculture. In developing countries, small farmers use slash and burn agriculture. They cut down trees and then burn them. The second biggest cause is logging operations. Interpol estimates that illegal logging is responsible for:. Development is the third cause of deforestation. The fourth cause is wildfires.
They have burnt six and a half times the land area as before. For example, half of all pharmaceuticals comes from genetic resources.
Deforestation has eliminated habitat for millions of species. Long-term, it worsens climate change. The tree canopy keeps the forest soils moist and more resistant to wildfires, droughts , and subsequent floods. Without it, the environment gets hotter during the day. Trees perpetuate the water cycle. They return water vapor to the atmosphere and help increase rainfall. Trees also absorb carbon dioxide, one of the greenhouse gases that cause global warming.
Between and , 32 million acres of tropical rainforest were cut down. At that rate, deforestation will add billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere in coming decades. At that point, the rainforest's water cycle won't be able to support all the ecosystems within it.
The eastern, southern, and central Amazon region would become a savannah. The Amazon generates half of its own rainfall. It recycles moisture from the Atlantic at least five times before it reaches the Pacific. The trees absorb rainfall, then release it through transpiration from their leaves. The moisture ascends into clouds that shed more rain. The water cycle keeps the air humid and rainfall constant.
Deforestation disturbs the stabilizing effects of the Amazon's water cycle. The result is intermittent droughts and floods. The Amazon region had severe droughts in , and It had severe floods in , , and Scientists believe these were the first signs of destabilization. It rewards people for keeping forests along with coffee growing and meat and milk production. On April 4, , the Colombian Supreme Court ruled that the government must create a plan to combat deforestation in the Amazon.
It must also address climate change impacts overall. An international human rights organization, Dejusticia, sued the Colombian government for its lack of response to climate change and the deforestation of the Amazon. These efforts seem to be making progress. In fact, a study found that new global tree growth over the past 35 years has offset deforestation.
There were three major causes. First, China and Africa have been planting trees. Second, farmers have abandoned areas in Russia and the United States. Third, global warming has allowed trees to grow into mountainous regions and the tundra.
There are three easy steps you can take today to slow deforestation. First, avoid products using palm oil. Most of its production comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Huge swaths of tropical forests and carbon-rich swamps are cleared for palm oil plantations. When burned, they release enormous amounts of carbon dioxide. Palm oil is in almost everything, and it's not clearly labeled. Here are four easy ways to avoid it:.
You can also avoid products such as guitars, furniture, and other products made from tropical hardwoods such as mahogany, cedar, and rosewood.
Second, donate to charities that plant trees. That gives the very poor people an income, rehabilitates their habitat, and saves species from mass extinction. Third, become carbon neutral. The average American emits Carbonfootprint provides a free carbon calculator to estimate your personal carbon emissions.
It also provides green projects to offset your emissions. World Wildlife Fund. American Forests. Department of Agriculture. Forest Wildfire Activity. Congressional Research Service. Accessed Aug. The Solutions Journal. Scientific American.
Environmental Defense Fund. National Library of Medicine. Union of Concerned Citizens. Rainforest Foundation. Eden Reforestation Projects. IEA Energy Atlas. Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile.
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