How to Build a Decking Frame, Sub Deck Base, Decking Joist, Railing Balustrade and Steps - DIY.
How to build garden decking in 9 very simple steps. Hopefully this has given you the confidence to press ahead with your build. We’d love to hear any feedback you might have or how you’re progressing with your decking – please get in touch using our contact forms. This decking project it for a slightly raised veranda deck adjacent to the house. The main purpose was to give added space that could actually be used. before the deck, there was an old patio which could only be accessed by steep steps from the house, and had a surrounding retaining wall - double - that doubled as a poor planting area.
And while it might look intimidating, a decking is well within the means of anyone willing to learn their way. The key to a well-constructed deck is the planning.
Note that we have separate guides which ui help you to —. Follow our 7 crucial safety guidelines to look after yourself properly when working with decking —. By now you should have completed all of your planning, during which stage you hopefully chose an ideal garden location for your deck. A gradient of 1 in 40 will usually suffice for a garden decking structure and this is recommended as the industry standard.
Top Tip: Using grooved boards which run down the slope of your build will help any rainwater to naturally drain from your decking surface. At this stage of the build, your build can go one of a number of ways, depending on your build complexity. Choose the relevant option below —. If you plan to lay your deck frame directly on the ground only recommended for small, basic builds then you should follow these steps —. Many people choose to lay their decking frame on concrete slabs. These help if you plan on laying your deck directly on the ground.
Firstly, they provide a level, stable base for your frame to rest on — one which is not uneven or changeable. This helps give the deck a longer lifespan as the structure is securely fixed; it also raises the frame above ground, preventing the absorption of rainwater.
This step is only necessary if you are fitting your deck to a building. Otherwise you can move onto fitting your joists. Many decking structures are fixed to buildings and act as an extension of the home out into the garden.
Should you need to attach your deck to the wall of a house, it is very important to understand exactly where the decking frame will meet the wall. Decking can be attached to a fixed wall using ledger board. This should measure the length of the structure that will face the adjoining wall. Before starting this process, check that your ledger board is perfectly straight and has not warped.
First, hold your ledger board up against the adjoining wall, ensuring that there are no obstacles such as wires which will get in your way. Holes should be drilled in the centre of the board — one hole for every 16 inches.
Once you have begun building your decking frame, you should understand the height of your structure and where it needs to fix to your outside wall. After determining the right level, you can then offer the ledger boards up against the wall and use a pencil to mark through the holes. This should mark the spots where you should drill holes of at least 7cm in depth, to allow your screws to anchor the frame sufficiently to the wall. Anchor bolts should then be hammered into the holes, before lag screws are used to fix the ledger board firmly to the wall.
Be careful to use galvanised screws to prevent rust. They should be screwed into the anchor bolts, with washers biild between the ledger board and the screw heads to tighten the screws.
Be careful not to tighten too much or you may risk crushing the wooden ledger board. At this stage, we can now begin fitting the joists. These are the long bits of pressure-treated timber which sit between and attach to the outer frame. They stepz the main support for your deck boards. The recommended spacing between joists depends on whether you intend to position your boards horizontal or diagonal.
The centre spacing between joists for horizontal how to make white beeswax should be mm, while the spacing for diagonal boards is tl less at mm. For a basic, small deck, you can probably get away with using just three joists.
One placed centrally with the other two positioned at centres between the outer frame and the central joist. A nail gun works incredibly well for this, though hiw electric drill will suffice. These are small bits stesp wood fitted perpendicular to adjoining joists which add rigidity to the deck frame. If you have positioned your beams along the greater length of your deck, you can position the joists along the shorter width. There are usually two methods of fitting joists where beams have been used in the construction of the decking frame —.
This step is only necessary if you are fitting balustrading to your deck. Otherwise you can move on to laying your decking boards. Newel posts are the spindles attached to the outer frame which your railings rest on. It is important that you fit your newel posts before laying your decking how to find circle equation if you intend on fitting balustrading.
This allows the newel posts to sit on the joists cleanly, while the remaining timber can be bolted to the joists — fixing the newel posts to the structure firmly. If available, these can help to reduce the complexity of your build.
If you are planning on fitting a pergola, you will need to fix these posts in place before moving onto fitting your deck boards. See Step 9: Adding a Pergola for more info on this. Once the load-bearing frame to your deck has been built, we can move on to laying the decking boards. Fitting will vary depending on what material you have chosen for your boards. See our guide to choosing your decking boards. Often boards will have been stored in warehouses or lumberyards where the temperature and moisture levels may have been variable.
To begin laying the hkw of your deck, position the first board to the edge of the frame closest to your building. When positioning your next board, you should leave a small gap for expansion sgeps wet weather, though not so large so as to create a large gap should your boards shrink.
This gap should also be left between your deck boards vecking newel posts. Where you have had chance to dry out your boards prior to installation, you should leave deccking mm gap between boards. This will allow plenty of room for expansion during wetter periods. Top Tip: Cut a length deking timber to your desired gap width. It is recommended that you position all the boards of your deck on your frame before fixing anything in place.
Each board should be fixed at all four ateps. If you are installing hardwood, wood-plastic composite or PVC boards, you should pre-drill bulid holes — rather than hammering nails into the wood which can cause cracks or splits in the decking material. You should also fix your boards at the centre where they pass over joists or noggins. This will fix the boards in place and give the structure added durability. Continue to work through your boards.
FAQ: How do I add a curve to my decking? Your boards should sit no more than 5 inches away from a load-bearing beam or joist. Always remember to treat any sawn ends, as these will be particularly susceptible to weathering.
If your deck width is wider or thinner than a multiple of your decking board how to rank videos on google, you deckingg either need to stagger the boards, or cut your end boards length-ways so they fit into the surface decking.
Staggering the boards involves leaving a larger gap than you might normally, though this is risky as your boards may shrink and leave big gaps in the surface. The last thing you want is heels or other objects falling through your boards! Countersink the facing and screw to the frame, making sure that the deck facing is flush with the top face of your decking.
If your deck is elevated above mm from the ground, you may need to fit balustrading to comply with building regulations. By this stage you should already have fitted your newel posts, which are an integral part of your balustrading.
Next steps are as follows —. For many, this will be the end of their build. More complex builds can then move on to building steps or a pergola.
Remember to use treatment oil on any sawn edges. If your deck is elevated and there is a big drop from its surface to ground level, you will need to install steps. Once you have both sides how to plant strawflower seeds your how to become a pharmacy technician in south carolina complete, setps can move onto constructing your deck steps —.
Like steps, a pergola can be the ideal addition to the main deck and can really compliment the aesthetics of your structure.
It can be added to your deck at any time, though it will normally need thorough planning in order to fit with the other elements of your deck. See our guide on this for more information. Pergolas can also be attached to the wall buiild a house using ledger board. This can help make them extremely secure. How to build garden decking in 9 very simple steps. Hopefully this has given you the confidence to press ahead with your build. Skip to content. Home How To Lay Decking. In this guide - a complete decking build process, including I agree to have my personal information transfered to MailChimp more information.
Don't miss out - join thousands who save. It is positioned between treads. How to fix ground loop our 7 crucial safety guidelines to look after yourself properly when working with decking — Always wear goggles when pressure washing or scrubbing with chemicals. Timber is often treated with chemicals which can be harmful when inhaled.
There are also some decking materials which are grooved in such a way as to prevent slipping. Note that decking can still be dangerous after it has rained — especially in winter months when this can turn icy. Take care where how to read a report tread. Where you are treating timber — make sure to always do so in a well ventilated area.
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Jul 15, · Once the decking's clean and dry, use a decking oil to coat it. This will penetrate the wood and give a hint of colour. A five-litre tin covers 50 square metres with two coats. We are a family run business based in Milton Keynes (MK), Buckinghamshire (Bucks) who aims to produce high quality wooden products which can stand the test of time. Established in we now build garden pots, fencing, decking, storage, sheds and even ho. Find decking products and suppliers in the Build It Directory This step-by-step guide reveals the stages involved in building a raised timber deck. Many of the skills you’ll learn can also be applied to more complex projects, such as curved decks – but for elaborate designs .
Wickes has everything you'll need to create a deck that will be a stunning addition to your garden. With so many options to suit outdoor spaces of any size and shape, discover the ways in which you can build a deck that perfectly suits you. Planning is key when it comes to your next decking project. Carefully plan your deck before starting, as this will limit cutting and wastage, and will help you to be accurate when ordering the materials you need.
Use our decking guides, and start planning your project. Find our picks for the best ways to prep your outdoor space for installing a deck. Our guide to installing a single level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck boards. Our guide to installing a raised level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck boards.
Knowing what your options are before you get started is the best results from your project. It makes it easy to build your perfect deck, crafted to suit your space and budget. Understand the differences between different types of decking and the ways in which they can be fitted. Our advice on decking stains and light options tells you what you need to know about your aesthetic options. Not only can it help you transform how your deck looks, but you can also find out how to give it some much needed protection.
Decking paint helps protect your wood, so you can enjoy sitting out on your decking year after year. Choose a coloured decking paint, like blue, grey, or green, and enjoy a fresh feel and stylish finish.
There are plenty of ways you can put your spare or leftover decking boards to good use. Our how-to guide will show you how to construct an outdoor bar from timber and decking boards. Discover the best ways to clean and maintain your deck to make sure it stays looking its best. See what our customers have been busy creating in their gardens using our decking projects:.
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View all Home Security. View all Latest Offers. View all Wickes Essentials. View all Top Rated By You. View all Online Exclusives. My Account. Order line. Home Decking. Decking Wickes has everything you'll need to create a deck that will be a stunning addition to your garden. Decking Inspiration. Planning your project. Decking materials. Decking care. Other uses for decking.
What our customers say. Decking inspiration With so many options to suit outdoor spaces of any size and shape, discover the ways in which you can build a deck that perfectly suits you. Learn more. Planning your project Planning is key when it comes to your next decking project. Prepping your space Find our picks for the best ways to prep your outdoor space for installing a deck.
How to lay a raised deck Our guide to installing a raised level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck boards. Discover everything you need to get the best results from your decking project. Low voltage garden lights. Decking screws. External grade joist. Blue Circle postcrete. Safety goggles. Wood preserver. Decking care Our advice on decking stains and light options tells you what you need to know about your aesthetic options.
Decking paint Decking paint helps protect your wood, so you can enjoy sitting out on your decking year after year. Cuprinol Stain Urban Slate. Wickes Stain Carbon Grey. Ronseal Protector Natural Oak. Ronseal Stain Golden Cedar. Ronseal Rescue Paint Charcoal. Decking Stain Nearly Natural. Show all Show less. Other uses for decking Decking boards do not have to be used just to build a deck.
Alternative uses for decking There are plenty of ways you can put your spare or leftover decking boards to good use. Decking garden bar Our how-to guide will show you how to construct an outdoor bar from timber and decking boards. Keep decking looking its best Discover the best ways to clean and maintain your deck to make sure it stays looking its best. What our customers say See what our customers have been busy creating in their gardens using our decking projects: Upload your photos here.